If you use SELinux, you might be using an MLS-enabled policy. These are policies that support sensitivity labels on resources and domains. In Gentoo, these are supported in the mcs and mls policy stores. Now sensitivity ranges are fun to work with, but the moment you have several sensitivity levels, or you have several dozen categories (sets or tags that can be used in conjunction with pure sensitivity levels) these can become a burden to maintain.
The SELinux developers have had the same issue, so they wrote a tool called mcstransd, a translation daemon that reads the sensitivity labels from the SELinux context (such as s0-s0:c0.c1023 or s0:c12) and displays a more human readable string for this (such as SystemLow-SystemHigh or SalesTeam). The daemon is not a super intelligent one – we just configure it by creating a mapping file in /etc/selinux/mcs called setrans.conf which contains the mappings:
## setrans.conf ##
The SELinux libraries (libselinux and libsemanage) use a socket to communicate with the daemon to see if “translated” values need to be displayed. If not (because the daemon is missing) the libraries keep the SELinux syntax displayed. If it is, then the translated labels are displayed.
Support for categories and sensitivity labels is handled through the chcat tool, so you can list the current categories (and their translated values) as well as assign them to files (or even logins).
Although we supported categories for a while already, a recent update on the policycoreutils package now includes the mcstrans daemon as well. Documentation is available, currently in the pending changes section of the SELinux handbook (as this is not in the stable package yet) and it will be moved to the main document when the package has stabilized.