I know that repeatable password generators are less secure than random character generators. After all, if you want a strong password, you can simply perform head -c 8 /dev/urandom | mimencode to obtain a nice, random password string.
However, in certain cases you might want to generate passwords given a particular entry which always returns the same password. For instance, for low-profile web sites. Most people use mneumonics (such as username reversed and appended with domainname abbreviation to give an example) but mneumonics can be quite insecure, especially if you use a mneumonic that, once someone sees one of your passwords, he can deduce all passwords.
An example would be the above-given algorithm, which yields for the following sites:
bugs.gentoo.org, user foobar, password raboofbgo forums.gentoo.org, user bleh, password helbfgo www.sourceforge.net, user mynick, password kcinymwsn
I'm sure you can find the password for other sites I would show you, so this kind of passwords are not that secure.
Enter hex2passwd, a tool which generates (the same) password for the same input over and over again. With the tool you can make your mneumonic a bit more secure as it uses hashfunctions to create a pseudorandom sequence and a character mapping to convert the hash result into a possible password.
An example for the above sites / mneumonic would yield:
For bugs.gentoo.org, user foobar $ echo raboofbgo | sha1sum | hex2passwd -n 8 XqXgOYce For forums.gentoo.org, user bleh $ echo helbfgo | sha1sum | hex2passwd -n 8 l8U.tdzg For www.sourceforge.net, user mynick $ echo kcinymwsn | sha1sum | hex2passwd -n 8 70z4Bu3k
Of course, the tool offers some more flexibility, such as choosing your own character maps or scrambling the maps before you use them. In any case, if you think such a tool is useful for you as well, don't hesitate to download, compile and install it - it's a simple C program, probably too ugly to show ;-)